Mobile Payment: Definition, Types, Advantages

mobile payments

As a small business owner, you naturally strive to meet customers where they are, whether that’s stocking the right merchandise or offering convenient payment options. Mobile payments processing is fairly simple for a merchant, but it requires a bit of upfront effort. That includes investing in a point-of-sale system that can handle contactless payments and digital wallet transactions. 

What is a mobile payment?

A mobile payment is a contactless way of paying that involves a mobile device such as a mobile phone, a smartwatch, or a tablet. 

These devices might run mobile wallet apps or peer-to-peer mobile payment apps. Or, they might enable transactions via SMS. 

Popular mobile wallet apps include Apple Pay and Google Pay. Popular peer-to-peer mobile payment apps include Venmo, PayPal, CashApp, and Zelle. 

How does mobile payment work in brick-and-mortar stores? 

In brick-and-mortar retail stores, customers often use mobile wallets to make a mobile payment. This involves tapping a smartphone, smartwatch, or tablet on a smartwatch, or tablet on a point of sale (POS) terminal. To accept mobile payments, your POS system must have near-field communication (NFC) radio technology, which enables it to receive payment information from the device. 

From there, the terminals function in a similar way to when they handle inserted chip cards. They send and receive a series of encrypted messages to a financial institution, clearing the funds for a payment to proceed. 

Only smartwatch, or tablet on a payment terminals with NFC radios can accept tap-to-pay transactions. (These terminals have a wireless payment icon that looks like a series of semicircles.) The terminals are all-in-one devices that also function as card readers for credit cards, debit cards, and gift cards. 

Some merchants may accept other types of mobile payments for in-person transactions. For example, a seller might accept payment from a peer-to-peer payment app like PayPal or Venmo. 

5 types of mobile payments

Mobile payments take five main forms. While each has its unique features, all achieve a near-instantaneous transfer of money from one account to another.

1. Mobile wallet

Mobile wallet services include apps like Google Pay, Apple Pay, and Samsung Pay. These services run on computers, smartphones, tablets, and smartwatches, and link to a customer’s credit card, debit card, or bank account. Once a person sets up their mobile wallet account, they can use these devices much like they’d use a credit card. In a brick-and-mortar store, they can tap their device on a smartwatch, or tablet on a payment terminal equipped with an NFC radio. Online, they can use their mobile wallet account on many merchants’ checkout pages by selecting a mobile wallet icon (such as Apple Pay) from among the checkout options.

2. Mobile peer-to-peer

This type of transaction, which runs on platforms like Zelle, PayPal, Venmo, and CashApp, allows individuals to transfer money to other individuals via a mobile app or a web page. Some of these services—most notably PayPal—enjoy wide acceptance from small business retailers. This means you can pay a business owner using PayPal instead of using a credit card.

3. SMS payments

SMS payments let people make payments by sending an SMS to a specific phone number. Americans, who largely own smartphones, rarely make SMS payments. In parts of the developing world, however, SMS payments are prevalent and widely trusted.

4. Mobile ecommerce

This category, also known as m-commerce, describes any type of transaction one makes on a mobile device. If a shopper makes a purchase on their mobile device’s browser or on a merchant’s proprietary app, that qualifies as a mobile ecommerce payment.

5. Mobile point of sale

In a mobile point-of-sale (mPOS) arrangement, a retailer uses their mobile device as a smartwatch, or tablet on a payment terminal.

Shopify offers an excellent mPOS called POS Go that allows you to break free from the checkout counter and close sales on the floor or curbside.

Customers can insert a credit card into the chip reader, swipe, or tap their card or mobile device to the reader for a NFC transaction. At this point, your point-of-sale software takes over, transmitting payment data to financial institutions and transferring money to your account. 

Advantages of mobile payments

As a small business owner, you stand to gain many benefits when you accept mobile payments. They include:

  • Convenience. Mobile payments eliminate a barrier to finalizing a customer’s purchases. Customers can pay conveniently by tapping a phone or credit card at a point of sale, or they can make online transactions using their payment apps. 
  • Speed. Financial institutions process mobile payments in the blink of an eye. This makes mobile checkout as fast as a credit card transaction—if not faster.
  • Popularity. More customers are spending more money using mobile payments. In 2021, global consumers spent $1.786 billion via mobile payments. Financial analysts expect this figure to more than triple within the next five years.
  • Security. Mobile payments are among the most secure forms of commerce. That’s because they’re performed on mobile devices that tend to require some form of authentication, typically in the form of a fingerprint, facial recognition, or a passcode. The devices also encrypt their transmissions, giving thieves a very minimal chance of intercepting customer data.

      Disadvantages of mobile payments

      While mobile payments offer many benefits to merchants and consumers, they come with a few drawbacks.

      • Transaction limits on peer-to-peer transactions. Many mobile wallet providers place a limit on their users’ person-to-person transactions, which means merchants who want to receive payments from an app like Venmo may not be able to make sales above a certain dollar amount. This boundary helps protect all parties from theft and fraud. However, mobile wallets do not add purchase limits to retail purchases made at tap-to-pay terminals. Retail shoppers who link a credit card to their mobile wallet app will not experience any app-imposed purchase limits when shopping in a store.
      • Specialized smartwatch, or tablet on a payment terminal needed for mobile wallet transactions. Merchants need a modern smartwatch, or tablet on a payment terminal to accept tap-to-pay transactions in a brick-and-mortar store—an expense that not all small businesses can afford. 

      Final thoughts

      As more and more shopping shifts to mobile platforms, payment systems will make a similar shift. Customers, always in search of convenience and flexibility, are increasingly embracing mobile payments—particularly given the level of security they provide. 

      Merchants will benefit, too. Some mobile payment apps like Venmo and Square charge fees to merchants that are very similar to credit card fees. Other apps, like Apple Pay, don’t charge merchants at all. This lets business owners benefit from the convenience and security of mobile payments without taking a larger than usual financial hit. Small business owners that enable their company to accept mobile payments will likely reap the benefits that come along with them.

      Mobile Payment FAQ

      What is mobile payment and how does it work?

      Mobile payment is the process of making payments for goods and services through a mobile device, such as a smartphone or tablet. This can include payments made in stores, online, or through peer-to-peer (P2P) transfers. Mobile payments are typically completed using a digital wallet or mobile app, and can be linked to bank accounts, credit cards, debit cards, and other payment methods. The payment process typically involves scanning a QR code or tapping a mobile device on an NFC reader to securely initiate the payment.

      What are the three types of mobile payments?

      • NFC (Near Field Communication) Payments: These payments are made by tapping a credit card or mobile device at a point-of-sale (POS) terminal. Examples include Apple Pay, Google Pay, and Samsung Pay.
      • Direct Carrier Billing: This method of payment allows customers to charge their purchases to their mobile phone bill.
      • Mobile Wallets: These are digital wallets that store payment information and can be used to make payments in participating stores via an app or website. Examples include PayPal, Venmo, and Cash App.

      How do you use mobile payments?

      Mobile payments can be used to purchase goods and services in person or online. In-person, a customer can pay with a mobile wallet app or mobile payment service on their smartphone by scanning a QR code or tapping their phone against an NFC-enabled smartwatch, or tablet on a payment terminal. Online payments can be made by entering your payment information into a website or app. You can also use mobile payments to send money to friends and family or pay bills.