Defining Social Proof: How Retailers Can Use Conformity Bias to Bolster Sales

Social proof for retailers | Shopify Retail blog

There’s not much more I love in this world than a great taco. And I love looking for and trying new, authentic Mexican and Latin restaurants.

But recently something happened to disrupt my experience of a restaurant I hadn’t been to before — despite my eagerness to try new places and consume more tacos.

I enjoyed my food. I liked the atmosphere. But the entire time, I was wondering if I made a bad choice in selecting this restaurant. I was paranoid that I was missing something — or that other diners knew something I didn’t.

Why? Because it was 6 p.m. on a Friday night in downtown Boston and hardly anyone was in this restaurant.

This was downright weird. Most places are packed, and I expected an after-work crowd at the bar at the very least. The restaurant was massive but only a handful of diners occupied tables.

Understanding the Power of Social Proof

This is the power of something called social proof. Had the restaurant been packed full of patrons, I likely would have felt like the food was even better than it really was and had an inflated opinion of the restaurant.

Despite the fact that I liked my food, the restaurant, and the overall experience, I was anxious the entire time because there was no social proof to make me feel better about my choice in dining there.

Humans look to others in their social groups to help inform their choices. That’s social proof. We want to make the right choice, so we look at what “society” at large does to figure out the correct action in a given situation.

Society can mean a small group in our immediate vicinity. It can be our peer groups, friends, and family. It can be our communities or it can be society on larger scales.

In any situation, we tend to look at what others are doing because it gives us confidence that we’re making the best decision when we need to choose what to do.

Social proof is more of a marketing term than a scientific one. But the idea is based in real science.

Psychologists would call social proof something like conformity bias or herd mentality. These forces are what allow just 5% of a group to influence the rest of the crowd. When it comes to consumers making decisions, we tend to follow others because we’re looking for more information to help us make choices.

That’s why, if I looked around and found lots of other happy diners in that restaurant, I would have felt more confident about my decision to eat there. Instead, with no one there — even if there was a perfectly good reason for the lack of other customers — my instinct was to feel immediately uneasy and uncertain about whether I took the correct action in choosing the restaurant.

But this is just one type of social proof. I felt influenced by the “wisdom of the crowds,” and wanted to find approval (in the form of others acting as I did) from a large group. Other types of social proof could include:

  • Expert approval (a professional or someone viewed as credible approves or recommends a product or action)
  • Influencer or celebrity approval (someone with a lot of status in society provides an endorsement)
  • Peer approval (opinions of people like us or our friends inform our behavior)

As a retailer, you can use this phenomenon and all types of social proof to your advantage. By displaying social proof in a variety of ways, you can impact how customers think about your products and your brand to boost sales.

Start with these five strategies to put your social proof on display and influence customers to make more purchases.

Increase Foot Traffic to Physical Locations

Given choices, people tend to drift toward the option that attracts other people. We assume there must be something good and worthwhile there, and we trust the crowd to know something we don’t.

Just like the story about the empty restaurant, potential customers can pass your store by if it’s consistently empty. There’s no immediate, visual social proof that your store is where they need to be.

Increasing foot traffic to your stores creates that social proof for other shoppers walking by who need to make a choice about what location to visit next.

To get started, try setting signage outside to lead people into your store. You can promote specials or sales to entice customers to browse shelves. Or you could get a little creative and find ways to make an impression.

Funny coffee signage | Shopify Retail blogUsing humor is one way to make your store more memorable to those walking by. Being funny may encourage shoppers who appreciate a good sense of humor to stop in and see what your shop has to offer.

Offering samples is another great way to increase foot traffic and generate social proof by getting a larger crowd in your location. Teavana is masterful at this, offering samples that anyone can grab at the door — but providing even more for customers who venture inside:

Teavana social proof | Shopify Retail blogTeavana also does a nice job of keeping associates both on the floor and near the doors to quickly answer new customer questions or to make suggestions based on the samples people enjoy.

Free Guide: Interview Questions for Hiring Retail Employees

Hiring competent retail employees is becoming increasingly challenging. Use this guide to ask the right questions during the interview process to ensure you hire the right people for your store.

You don’t have to give product away for free to encourage customers to walk through your doors. You can allow people to “sample” what you offer through excellent window displays, too. This gives them a preview of what they can find in the rest of your store.

If you can find creative ways to display items and products, you can create a sense of excitement or even curiosity:

Time Out Bookstore | Shopify Retail blogJenna Todd of Time Out Bookstore didn’t just prop books up in the windows. She created a visually appealing display that invites readers to enter a lush world of books to discover new stories — and the glass door allows potential shoppers to get a peek at the shelves bursting with books inside.

Collect and Display Testimonials

You can influence customers to feel like buying from you is the correct action by displaying testimonials from previous shoppers. In stores, you can do this with signage and displays.

You don’t need to list out long quotations — even a photo with a one-sentence comment from a customer sharing something positive, useful, and compelling about a product you sell. You can lean on social media to source quotes, comments, and photos from real customers to then display in-store.

And of course, you can use social networks themselves as a way to promote and share testimonials. Living Proof is a beauty brand that does a great job of cultivating social proof from social media, featuring users of its products, their photos, and their comments.

While you can collect testimonials organically and display unsolicited comments from customers, you can also turn to influencer marketing to help create social proof for your business.

American Eagle’s #AerieREAL campaign for one of its clothing lines featured women who weren’t professional models. None of the photos were retouched or altered, and the brand showcased a number of body shapes and sizes.

Many of the women they selected had huge followings on social media platforms like Instagram, who helped American Eagle promote the campaign with photos, testimonials, and empowering stories.

This boosted Aerie’s social proof, as potential customers saw written testimonials and real-life photos of a wide range of different women wearing the pieces they sold.

Want to include testimonials on your website? HubSpot’s marketing blog put together a great collection of examples from a variety of companies and retailers that you can use for inspiration.

There’s also a collection of Shopify apps that allow you to seamlessly add social proof to your ecommerce site. Try Fomo to add notifications of recent purchases to your site, or Loox to add customer reviews and photos.

Showcase Product Reviews

This is one of the easiest ways to use social proof to increase product sales, especially of specific items. If one of your products gets rave reviews, show those on your website on its page.

Allow customers to rank their favorite purchases and leave comments about what they bought. This can encourage other customers to buy based on the positive feedback of others, since new customers will feel more confident that they too will enjoy the product.

REI provides a detailed snapshot of customer reviews and ratings on their products, summarizing how people rated items, allowing shoppers to read comments from previous buyers, and ranking those comments by how helpful they are:

REI product reviews | Shopify Retail blogTry or Storesmiths Products Reviews to add specific product reviews to your Shopify ecommerce site.

Give Customers Easy Access to Most Popular or Best-Selling Products

Remember, social proof is the phenomenon that has people look to larger groups to confirm they’re making not only the best choice, but the right one. You can give customers easy access to what the crowd says, thinks, and does by curating products that are most popular.

Bookstores often do this by displaying bestsellers in each category. Other retailers group popular items and include signage declaring those products the most popular among other shoppers. And salespeople can encourage more purchases by telling current customers what other people were really liking.

Modcloth offers a good example of how you can carry this idea over to your online store. The retailer encourages customers to start shopping with a link to most popular clothing categories:ModCloth popular item categories | Shopify Retail blog

ModCloth popular item categories | Shopify Retail blogOnce shoppers get to a specific category, they can sort hundreds of items by “Most Loved” or “Top Rated.” Both of these are important factors in social proof.

Shoppers can feel more confident that the items they choose line up with what others like, too. That removes some doubt or uncertainty about whether they’re making the correct choice.

Don’t Be Afraid to Brag a Little

Did you garner press mentions? Were you featured in a major publication? Did your business win awards?

Show them off! This is a strong display of social proof that makes customers feel more confident in your brand. Media interest can pique customer interest, and awards and accolades can reinforce their belief in your products’ quality.

You can display great ratings, titles you won, and other praise in the form of signs in store or banners on your website.

A Final Word

Social proof builds when you make it easy for others to discover it. These triggers indicate to potential shoppers that a larger community chose shopping with you as the right action to take — which can influence people to become new customers of your store.

Social Proof FAQ

What is meant by social proof?

Social proof is a psychological phenomenon in which people look to the actions of others to determine their own behavior. It is the idea that people will conform to the actions of those around them in order to feel accepted or to be seen as normal. The concept of social proof is based on the idea that individuals are more likely to take action if they see that others are already doing it.

What are the 5 types of social proof?

  • Celebrity endorsements
  • Expert endorsements
  • User reviews
  • Social media activity
  • Case studies

What are the four types of social proof?

  • Expert Social Proof: Endorsements from people seen as experts or authorities in the given field.
  • User Social Proof: Testimonials from existing users of the product or service.
  • Celebrity Social Proof: Endorsements from celebrities or other high-profile figures.
  • Wisdom of the Crowds: Leveraging the opinion of the masses to demonstrate the validity of a product or service.

How does social proof work?

Social proof is a psychological phenomenon that occurs when an individual is influenced by the positive opinions and behaviors of others. It is a type of conformity in which people look to the actions of others to determine their own behavior. When a person is uncertain, they look to the actions of those around them to decide what is most acceptable. This phenomenon can be seen in marketing, when a company uses customer testimonials, reviews, and endorsements to influence potential customers. It can also be seen in everyday life, when people conform to the behaviors of their peers and conform to societal norms.