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By Andrew Youderian of eCommerceFuel.com.

Marketing is undoubtedly one of the most crucial success factors for new online businesses and should be a primary emphasis early on. But if you only focus on traditional traffic generation strategies like link building you're missing out on lots of potential customers.

The following strategies can easily help you increase your website's traffic - even double it - without having to do an ounce of marketing.  Here's how:

1. Add Long-Tail Variations to Your Pages

It's easy to focus on short, high-volume terms because they are easier to identify and research.  But in reality, 80% to 90% of the traffic you're likely to receive will be from "long-tail" queries with three, four or five-plus words.

Long-tail keywords are easier to rank for and usually convert at a much higher rate than shorter, more generic terms.  Here's how you can maximize your exposure to long-tail variations and increase your traffic: 

Identify Long-Tail Modifiers

Let's pretend we sell the Logitech C310 webcam and wanted to optimize our page to rank for as many searches as possible.  We'd visit our old friend the Google Keyword Tool and make note of all the long-tail variations. We'd also want to look at the bottom of the search results where Google lists related searches. The related searches for "Logitech C310" look like this:

Work these Modifiers into Your Page Copy

Because our Logitech C310 page is (hopefully) somewhat optimized for the term "Logitech C310", we don't need to insert each long-tail search phrase verbatim into the page. Instead, we want to work the unique variations at the end of "Logitech C310" into our copy to allow the possibility that we can rank for it.

Revisiting the related searches from above, we'd want to make sure the words boxed in red below appeared on our page:

We'd want to ensure our page included the words "Skype" and "Mac", as well as discussed the differences between the C525 model using the "vs c525" phrase.  With all of these newly included modifiers incorporated into the copy, our page has the potential to rank for a wider range of queries. 

Not all of the modifiers we uncovered will be applicable. Branded keywords - like "best buy" above - won't be useful, and we would likely have a number of modifiers already incorporated. However, more often than not, we'll uncover a handful of long-tail gems to help increase potential ranking opportunities and ultimately boost our traffic.

2. Stand Out with Rich Snippets

Rich snippets are search listings that include information regarding a product's price, availability and review count.  They're useful for learning more about the particular product and/or site at a glance from the search results page without having to visit it.

Rich snippets are incredibly powerful because they can increase the number of people that click on your page by up to 30%.  That's a huge boost for something that can usually be implemented relatively painlessly! Compare that to increasing your marketing or ad-spending budget by 30% and you'll see why it's so powerful.

The process for setting up or enabling rich snippets will vary based on your platform, so you may need to do some research to get it implemented. Once you think everything is setup properly, you can use Google's Rich Snippets Testing Tool to make sure there won't be any display problems. Rich snippets can take some time to appear in the search listings, so don't worry if you don't see them right away. 

Authorship and Video Thumbnails 

Product-based rich snippets will likely be the most applicable for many merchants, but there's also two other types of enhanced listings to know about: Google Authorship and video thumbnails.

With authorship markup you can tell Google which content you've written and your picture will appear alongside the listing for that piece. Just like the name implies, video thumbnails are a thumbnails of a page's embedded video that appears alongside a page listing. Just like product-based rich snippets, both of these have also proven to dramatically increase the click through rate of the associated pages. 

When should you use each type of enhanced markup? That will vary based on your content, products and goals.  Google Authorship markup could be a great choice for enhancing a store's blog posts in the search results, while video thumbnails could potentially help video-rich educational pages stand out.

We're now even seeing multiple mark-up mediums combined in one listing, as seen below:

Setting up Google Authorship is fairly simple assuming you have a Google Plus profile. For more information, see these guides by KISSMetrics and 312 Digital.

To get video thumbnails to appear, you'll need to create a video sitemap for Google. You can do this manually via your Webmaster Tools account, and some video hosting services like Wistia (I love these guys!) will do it automatically for you. For more details on video SEO and thumbnails, see this video from Wistia.

3. Write Titles and Descriptions People Can't Resist 

The meta title and meta description are attributes that determine how your page appears in the search results - and they're immensely important. Write a compelling title and interesting description and you'll stand out to searches.   Alternatively, if your copy is boring and doesn't offer any compelling reason to click, you'll get much less traffic.

In the search results below, I've tried to make the homepage for my trolling motor store stand out by highlighting:

  • That we focus exclusively on high-end trolling motors
  • We offer free shipping
  • We don't charge sales tax

Despite competing against some big competitors, I'd bet our listings receives a higher click-through rate than the other pages, especially given many of them aren't very appealing from a sales and copywriting perspective. 

When writing meta titles and descriptions, you need to approach think like you're writing an advertisement - because you are! Highlight your expertise, unique selling proposition, and why the customer will benefit shopping with you.

You also want to keep SEO and keyword optimization in mind, but don't go overboard. Include your primary keyword(s) at least once in the title and description, ensuring they flow naturally with your copy. But when in doubt, prioritize readability over SEO.

Revamping underwhelming titles and descriptions with compelling copy can have a massive and almost overnight impact on the traffic you receive.

4. Leverage Your Internal Links

Getting links from other sites is obviously an important and well-known technique. Far fewer people understand how much influence your own site's structure and internal links have over your rankings. Need to give a particular page a rankings boost? Linking to it from existing high authority pages on your domain can pass authority and help the target page to rank better.

Here's what you can do:

  • Make a list of high-value target pages you'd like to rank better.
  • Identify the pages on your website that currently have the most authority and "SEO juice."
  • Add a link from your authority page(s) to your target page(s).
  • Incorporate the link naturally on the authority page using anchor text related to the keyword you'd like the target page to rank for.

A site's homepage will usually be the most authoritative page on a domain, so it's an obvious choice for an authority page to link from. To find other internal authority pages, use Open Site Explorer to search for internal links, and then sort in descending order by Page Authority so the most authoritative internal pages rise to the top.

This is just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to what you can do with internal linking.  For more information on internal linking see these articles from HubSpot and SEOMoz.

The Power Of Optimization

It could take years to double your traffic if you relied solely on increasing the number of backlinks your site had. Using the techniques discussed above, it's possible to drastically increase your traffic by making smart adjustments to your existing site - and in significantly less time.

What would you do with twice the number of customers?


Andrew Youderian is an eCommerce entrepreneur who blogs about his experiences running online stores at eCommerceFuel.com. If you enjoyed this piece, you'll love this rare behind-the-scenes look at his store's redesign  that increased sales by nearly 50%.