After collecting a degree in fashion, many budding designers jump into the real world with the same question that has long troubled creatives of all ilks: What now?
While fashion school can teach you about pattern grading, sewing, and draping, it doesn’t always prepare graduates for what it’s really like to start your own fashion brand.
Successful fashion designer and entrepreneur Sarah Donofrio credits real world experience for getting her the rest of the way. What she’s learned over the past two decades is that taking your dream from idea to launch and making it in the frenzied world of fashion takes a specific set of skills, a generous dose of creativity, and a pinch of business savvy.
In this guide, learn how to start a clothing brand from scratch—everything from education and design to manufacturing and marketing—with tips for selling clothes from a seasoned pro.
How to start a clothing brand in 14 steps
- Develop your fashion design skills
- Create a clothing business plan
- Follow fashion trends
- Build a strong brand
- Design and develop your clothing line
- Source fashion fabrics or design your own
- Set up production and manufacturing for your clothing line
- Build pricing and inventory strategies for your clothing business
- Plan your collections around fashion seasons
- Pitch your clothing line to fashion retailers
- Build an online clothing store
- Market your clothing business
- Open a retail store, launch a pop-up, or sell at markets
- Learn from the pros
Sarah has lived and worked in two countries, and her experience spans everything including design, production, education, and physical retail. In 2016, she was a contender on Project Runway’s 15th season.
Since that moment of fame, Sarah has launched her own clothing line and ecommerce store, won multiple awards, and appeared in several publications and retailer shops. Tap into the secrets to her success with these 12 steps to developing your own clothing brand.
1. Develop your fashion design skills
Designers like Vivienne Westwood and Dapper Dan found massive success in the fashion world, even though they were self-taught. And they started their careers pre-internet. We now live in a time of access, where rebuilding an engine or tailoring a t-shirt can be learned simply by watching a YouTube video.
It’s possible to skip school and still launch your own clothing line, but formal education, whether in a classroom or online, has its merits: learn the latest industry standards, access resources and equipment, make contacts, and get feedback from pros.
While Sarah owes a great deal of her success to learning professional skills in a classroom, much of her education was gained on the job, working in corporate retail. “I wanted to work for myself,” she says, “But I felt that it was important to get experience.”
It took me a long time to be confident enough that I could fill a store with my clothing.Sarah Donofrio, fashion designer and entrepreneur
Sarah is a huge advocate for spending a few years learning the ropes from other brands and designers. “It took me a long time to be confident enough that I could fill a store with my clothing,” she says. “I think that I needed the time to grow and to get advice and experience.”
Many institutions offer fashion design and small business programs in varying formats. Schools like Parsons in New York and Central Saint Martins in the UK are world renowned for their fashion programs.
If you have more drive than funds or time, there are a growing number of fast-track and online courses for fashion industry hopefuls. Check local community colleges for virtual or part-time formats that accommodate your schedule and budget, or consider learning through sites like MasterClass (there’s a fashion design course taught by Marc Jacobs himself), Maker’s Row Academy, or Udemy.
2. Create a clothing business plan
As Sarah discovered, the world of fashion and the world of business have a lot more overlap than she expected.
Starting a clothing line requires many of the same considerations as starting any business. How much does it cost to start? When should you pursue capital for your startup? What outside help will you need to navigate legal, financial, production, and distribution aspects of the business?
Where and how will you produce your garments? Let’s dig in.
Fashion brand business models
This guide is for those looking to design and develop their own clothing brand and collections. If you are interested in the fashion world but have no interest or skills in design, consider reselling by buying wholesale or trying dropshipping.
For those designing a clothing line from scratch, this is the point where you will decide what type of business you are looking to run. This will help you determine how much time, effort, and funding you will require upfront.
A few business models are:
- Hand production: Make and sell your designs direct to customers through your own website or online marketplaces or at markets and pop-ups.
- Manufacturing partner: Create collections and produce pieces of clothing through a manufacturer, then sell your clothing line wholesale to other retailers.
- Print on demand: Design repeating patterns or graphics to print on blank t-shirts and other clothing items using a print-on-demand model, selling online through your own store.
Choosing a business type and structure
Your business plan is also where you’ll determine the type of business or business structure of your clothing line. You may choose to operate as a sole proprietorship, a corporation, or something in between.
If you decide to focus on sustainable business practices and produce clothing ethically, you could also consider becoming a B Corp. This designation signifies to conscious consumers that your clothing business is committed to sustainability.
What does it cost to start a clothing line?
Once you have a small business idea for your clothing line, you may be able to fund it yourself and bootstrap as you go. Designing and sewing made-to-order clothing on your own means you don’t have to carry a ton of inventory. However, you will need to invest upfront in equipment and large quantities of fabric to be cost-effective. Other costs include shipping materials, fees for launching your site, and a marketing budget.
If you plan to go all in and work with manufacturers on a production run, you’ll have high upfront costs to meet minimums. A solid business plan and costing exercise will help you determine how much funding you’ll need.
In either case, expect to need thousands of dollars upfront. “In fashion, you’re not just costing fabric and buttons and labor,” says Sarah. “You’re costing shipping, you’re costing heating and rent.”
To come up with startup capital, you can consider getting a business loan or crowdfunding your clothing business. There are a few low budget entry points in the world of fashion, though, including consignment, dropshipping, and print on demand.
Creating a financial plan
When investors or banks are looking at your business model, they’ll want to see a well-thought-out financial plan. This part of your business plan should detail how you will set a budget, manage cash flow, and track expenses. It should also demonstrate a clear path to profitability.
💡 Tip: When building a plan for your clothing business, try using a business plan template to help guide you through the essential sections.
3. Follow fashion trends
Through Sarah’s years of developing her brand as a side hustle, she’s learned that while watching trends is extremely important, it’s equally important to focus. Hone in on your strengths and be true to your own design sensibilities.
Fashion school will teach you the basics of making everything from undergarments to evening wear. “The trick is finding what you’re good at and focusing on that,” Sarah says.
I’ve always had a really good trend intuition. But it’s all about translation.Sarah Donofrio
While her line has a year-over-year consistency—design choices in her pieces that are unmistakably hers—Sarah is always watching trends. She says that the key is adapting those trends to your brand, personalizing them, and making them work for your customer.
“I’ve always had a really good trend intuition,” Sarah says. “But it’s all about translation.” Sarah worked on plus-size collections during her time in the corporate world and said that translating trends meant also considering the needs of the plus customer.
Though she sticks to her strengths, Sarah factors what’s happening in fashion—and in the world around her—into her development. “Take athleisure,” she says. “I don’t make tights, I don’t make sports bras, but this cool woven crop would look kind of awesome with tights, so that's how I would incorporate the trend.”
To get inspiration for your own idea, devour fashion publications, follow style influencers, and subscribe to fashion newsletters and podcasts to stay inspired and catch trends before they emerge.
- Leanne Mai-ly Hilgart launched vegan winter coat brand Vaute Couture after finding a disappointing lack of cruelty-free options on the market. (Note: While Vaute has since shuttered, Leanne’s new venture, Humans We Love carries the same ethos.)
- Catalina Girald’s lingerie brand, Naja, was built on empowerment and inclusiveness.
- Camille Newman threw her hat in the plus game with Body by Love (formerly Pop Up Plus).
- Mel Wells launched a gender-neutral vintage-inspired swimwear line.
- Taryn Rodighiero also joined the swimwear game but focused on custom suits, made to order to each customer’s exact specifications.
👓 Success Story: How a Crafter Scaled Her Eyewear Business
Kerin Rose Gold started designing her own sunglasses before being spotted by top celebs. Now she employs other artists as she grows her brand, A-Morir.
4. Build a strong brand
Remember that “brand” does not mean your logo (that’s branding). Building your fashion brand is an exercise in putting to paper your values, your mission, what you stand for, your brand story, and more.
Creating brand guidelines will help to inform all of your business and branding decisions as you grow. They will dictate visual direction, website design, and marketing campaigns. They should dictate what you look for in a retail partner or a new hire.
Use social media to build a lifestyle around your brand: share your inspiration and process, inject your own personality, tell your story, and be deliberate with every post.
“The key to social media is consistency,” says Sarah. “I think you have to post every day, but it also has to be interesting.” She mixes up her content with travel, inspiration, sneak peeks at works in progress, and even some interesting stats from her analytics dashboard.
5. Design and develop your clothing line
Sarah is an advocate of the sketchbook as one of the most important tools for a designer. “I take my sketchbook everywhere with me,” she says. “As I’m sketching away, every so often I’m like, ‘Oh, this little drawing would translate really well into a repeat pattern.’”
As a contender on Project Runway, she wasn’t allowed to have her sketchbook with her due to the rules of the competition. “That really threw me off my game,” she says.
Sarah’s tips for designing a clothing line:
- Always be doodling. A doodle is the first step toward a refined design. For Sarah, every idea starts on paper before being translated to Illustrator or another software tool. “I always use a mix of new technology and notebooks full of scribbles,” she says.
- Make your own samples by hand. This way, you can enter a relationship with a manufacturer with a better understanding of what production might entail. You’re in a better position to negotiate on costs if you’re intimate with the process.
- Focus on being creative. If production or other business tasks start to get in the way of development, it’s time to outsource.
6. Source fashion fabrics or design your own
Sarah says that fabric sourcing has a lot to do with who you know. Building a network in the industry can help you access contacts for fabric agents, wholesalers, and mills. When she lived in Toronto, she knew the local fabric market and used an agent to get access to fabrics from Japan.
But even that route has pitfalls. “In Canada, everyone’s using the same agent,” she says. “All of the local clothing lines are all using the same fabrics.” When fabric from all over the world became easier to access online, Sarah began to find it difficult to source unique prints and materials, despite her contacts. Her solution: she began to design her own.
“When I got out of fashion school in 2005, you couldn’t just go online and go to Alibaba. Now, lots of people I know do that,” Sarah says. “That’s why I really got into honing my textile design skills.”
For those just starting out, agents can be helpful, but Sarah suggests building personal networks and joining communities of designers. Start meeting others in the industry at local incubators, meetup groups, online communities, and live fashion networking events.
7. Set up production and manufacturing for your clothing line
In the early days, you may not be producing volumes that warrant outside help, but as you scale, a manufacturing partner will let you free up time for other aspects of the business and design.
There are a few exceptions. If the handmade aspect of your pieces is a cornerstone of your brand, you’ll always touch production even as you scale. Growth, though, is generally dependent on outsourcing at least some of the work.
Manufacturing your designs can be accomplished in a number of ways:
- One-of-a-kind and handmade by you
- Made by hired staff or freelance sewers but still owned in-house (small studio)
- Sewn in your own commercial production facility (owned, shared, or rented)
- Outsourced to a local factory where you still have some oversight (try Maker’s Row or MFG)
- Produced at an overseas factory (completely hands off)
Adrienne Butikofer of OKAYOK has kept her production in-house by bringing on staff as she scaled. She also outsources her dye runs to a factory. In Michigan, Detroit Denim produces clothing in its own manufacturing facility, where the founders are able to control the process—at scale.
If you’re starting out from your home, be sure your studio is set up to accommodate flow from one machine to the next, has ample storage, considers ergonomics, and is an inspiring space where you’ll be motivated to spend time.
Alternatively, combat loneliness and save money on equipment by seeking out co-working spaces, incubators, or shared studios.
Working with clothing manufacturers
In the beginning, Sarah’s line was produced primarily by her own hands, but she began outsourcing some elements to local sewers as she grew. Now, she’s working with factories and taking back her time to focus on building her brand, developing new collections, and expanding her wholesale channel.
Obviously American-made comes with a higher price point, but it’s worth it to me.Sarah Donofrio
Sarah feels that her customer cares about local and ethical production—enough to pay extra for it. “Obviously American-made comes with a higher price point, but it’s worth it to me,” she says. “I think transparency is a big plus.”
Sarah’s experience working in the corporate world taught her not to put all of her eggs in one basket. She weighs the strengths and weaknesses of each factory and collects her findings in her own database. “Big companies use different factories for different things,” she says. “Maybe there’s a factory that does knitwear better or one that does pants better.”
Ultimately, how you choose to tackle production and choose a manufacturing partner comes down to a few questions:
- How large are your runs?
- Is “made in America” or “made locally” important to you?
- Are you more concerned with ethical manufacturing or lowest cost?
- How hands-on do you want to be in the production?
- Do you plan to scale?
For Sarah, closely monitoring the process was key. When vetting local factories, she believes it’s important to visit each one to get a feel for their practices. She initially requests samples from the factories to inspect their craftsmanship. As you work with a factory, spot-checking the work and carefully examining pieces when they arrive and before they ship will help reduce returns and keep your reputation for quality intact.
🌿 Garments for good
Meet 26 sustainable clothing brands making a difference through ethical manufacturing, recycled materials, and fair trade practices.
8. Build pricing and inventory strategies for your clothing business
On the less creative side of running a clothing business, you’ll need to establish some strategies to help keep your back office in order. This includes setting pricing strategies and inventory management practices.
Pricing your clothing line
Pricing your clothing items involves the same exercise as pricing any item for sale. You’ll need to consider costs (fixed and variable) to produce, market, and ship the product, as well as any overhead for running the business. Look also to the market to see what consumers are willing to pay for a brand like yours. Competitive research will help you establish a pricing strategy that is in line with the market.
Inventory for clothing businesses
Managing inventory is a delicate process for any business. Clothing won’t spoil like perishable products, but trends move quickly. Work with your data to understand what’s selling and what isn’t, and tweak your production and design cycles accordingly. This way, you won’t end up sitting on unsellable stock.
If you ship your own orders, establish an inventory system that keeps clothing protected from sunlight and moisture, and organized in a way that makes it easy to find.
9. Plan your collections around fashion seasons
The fashion industry operates on a seasonal cycle (fall/winter and spring/summer), and working backward from each season means that development of a collection can start a year or more out.
“In corporate, we were developing two years in advance,” Sarah says. “Big corporations tend to design faster, so they’re doing a lot of trend research.” Without the big team and resources, though, independent designers like Sarah are working closer to delivery dates.
Your design and development period and delivery dates depend on your customer and your launch strategy, Sarah says. She suggests that you have your collection ready for the next season at least six to eight months in advance. If you’re selling wholesale, buyers will need to see your collection a month before Fashion Week.
Work backward from your delivery date to establish your design and production timelines. Add dates of important global fashion events, like New York Fashion Week, to your calendar to help set goals.
Evergreen fashion collections
Seasonality doesn’t have to dictate all of your collections, however. “It’s always such a shame when I design a beautiful print and I think, ‘I only have this for one season. I only have a six-month window,’” says Sarah. Therefore, she’s inspired to work toward prints that work regardless of season.
While product development is a constant concern for fashion brands, signature or core bestselling pieces may stay in your collection for years. This is true for basics brands that focus on, say, “the perfect cotton tee,” a classic that occasionally gets a color update. KOTN’s brand is built around well made, sustainable basics with core tees selling alongside seasonal releases.
10. Pitch your clothing line to fashion retailers
Wholesale played a huge part in the growth of Sarah’s brand in the beginning. After navigating other sales channels like her own retail store, she’s recently returned to a wholesale strategy.
In fashion, there are two main ways to sell your clothing line through other retailers:
This is a win-win for everyone, as it gives your line a chance to get exposure in a store with no risk to the retailer. The downside is that you only get paid when an item sells.
This refers to retailers buying a set number of pieces upfront at a wholesale price (less than your retail price). This option is riskier for the retailer so you may have to prove yourself through consignment first.
“It’s a lot easier for stores to take your whole collection on consignment, as opposed to just one or two pieces,” says Sarah, “because they have nothing to lose.”
Approaching buyers is a daunting experience, and Sarah has worked on both sides of the transaction. Her experience looking through the buyer’s lens helped her stand out when she was pitching her own line.
Be prepared, Sarah urges. “The first time I pitched my line, I asked myself, ‘What are buyers going to ask me?’” she says. “You can’t just have pretty clothes. You have to know every detail.”
Hitting the pavement was a strategy that worked for Sarah when she was starting out. While she advocates for face time, Sarah doesn’t recommend an ambush. Start slow, she says. Introduce yourself with a card or a catalog and try to book time to meet later.
11. Build an online clothing store
Let’s make sure you have a solid online business idea. Does your clothing line business plan detail how you will handle shipping and fulfillment, packaging, and online customer service? Is your production method able to accommodate single orders?
Ready? OK, let’s open your store. It only takes a minute to sign up for a free trial, and we’ll give you some time to play around before you commit.
A professional online store can serve two purposes:
- It’s a way to sell directly to your potential customers
- It’s a living, breathing lookbook to share with buyers and media
Setting up your online store
A platform like Shopify is simple to use even if you don’t have graphic design or coding skills. Choose a Shopify Theme that puts photos first, and customize with your own logo, colors, and other design elements before adding products. We suggest themes designed for fashion brands like Broadcast or Pipeline, or a free version like Boundless.
💡 Tip: Need help picking the right theme for your store? Take our website template quiz.
Your product pages need to work overtime to capture details like fit, feel, and draping. There are also a wealth of clothing store apps in the Shopify App Store designed specifically to help fashion brands create personalized shopping experiences and solve common challenges like fit and sizing.
Among the best apps to sell clothes, these are a few standouts:
Consider other online channels like social selling. Reach your target audience by integrating Instagram and Facebook Shops. Your clothing line may also be a fit for marketplaces like Etsy, where you can reach a built-in audience of those interested in handmade goods.
Critical pages for your online clothing store
Every website needs a few standard pages that customers expect to find. These include an About page, Contact page, collection pages, product pages, and FAQ. Because brand is so important for a clothing business, focus on the pages that help visitors understand what you’re about.
Your clothing brand’s aesthetic and values should be clear from the get-go, starting with your home page. And a dedicated About page can help potential customers create a connection with you and your brand.
Photography for clothing brands
The right theme helps photos pop, so make sure you invest in professional photo shoots. For a smaller budget, a simple lighting kit, a DSLR camera (or even your smartphone), and some tricks of the trade can help you produce professional-looking DIY shots. Be sure to capture details: fabric texture, trims, and closures.
A lifestyle shoot produces content for other pages on your site as well as marketing campaigns, a press kit, and lookbook. Show your clothing on a model to demonstrate drape and tips to help your customers style the piece.
12. Market your clothing business
Marketing and driving sales remain the single most reported challenge for online brands, regardless of industry. As fashion is a saturated market, developing a solid brand with a unique value proposition will help you focus your efforts on your ideal customer rather than throwing money away.
In the beginning, your budget will be small, but there are still ways to grab attention with creative and organic ideas:
- Invest in content marketing. Use optimized video or keyword-targeted blog posts to drive traffic to your site.
- Build an email list even before you launch. Tease your upcoming clothing collection on social and incentivize sign-ups with exclusive deals.
- Lend your clothing to other businesses for photo shoots (example: beauty brands) to get shoutouts and exposure.
- Try influencer marketing by finding emerging Instagram or TikTok stars to hype your brand.
- Set up a loyalty program or referral perks to engage your loyal customers in spreading the word.
- Find collaborations. You can collaborate with complementary brands to launch a collection, pop-up, or co-promotion.
- Learn search engine optimization (SEO). Honing your SEO skills can help you drive traffic to your online clothing store.
- Try social media advertising. This can include paid ads, promoted posts with creators, and even organic content with viral potential.
As you grow, paid ads, hiring a PR firm, and applying to show your clothing line at smaller Fashion Week events are all ways to gain exposure for your brand.
13. Open a retail store, launch a pop-up, or sell at markets
It took Sarah 11 years to be in a position to seriously consider opening her own retail boutique. But it wasn’t a leap—it was a move that she’d been grooming herself to make. Throughout the evolution of her brand, she used local markets to gain more insight into her customers, test her merchandising, get exposure, and build relationships in the industry.
After her move to Portland, she took her retail experiment to the next level with a three-month pop-up before opening a permanent retail location. “I was always afraid of opening my own store because of the overhead, especially in Toronto,” says Sarah. “It just wasn’t attainable.”
Through the process, she learned that she could use six more hands. She hired a fashion design student to help in the store. “When you have a retail store and a clothing label, as a lot of entrepreneurs do, you just have to learn how to allocate things,” she says. “It’s taken me a long time to learn that, but what I’m paying her to work in the store, my time is worth so much more.”
Temporary retail space for your clothing business
Selling IRL doesn’t mean signing a 10-year lease on a retail space. You can dabble in in-person selling in a number of more affordable and non-committal ways:
- Subleasing retail space to host a temporary pop-up shop
- A mini pop-up experience on a shelf or in a section of a retailer’s space
- Applying for booth space at craft shows or fashion markets
- Vendor booths at events like music festivals
Sarah has since closed her retail location. “I did not like running it,” she says. The store took her away from the aspect of the business that she loved—designing. She still sells direct to customers via the website but has switched much of the brand’s focus to wholesale.
14. Learn from the pros
Sarah’s experience as a contestant on Project Runway taught her many important lessons about herself and her industry.
While Sarah understands that being reactive in fashion is an asset, she knows she thrives when she has more wiggle room. Because of her development background, she was amazed at the work her fellow competitors could do in a short amount of time. ”For me, it was not a realistic pace at all,” she says. ”It’s a shame that my best work wasn’t on national television.”
She also faced one of the scariest things any artist has to face: the haters. She was eliminated in the fourth episode when her swimwear didn’t resonate with the judges.
The lesson: Your audience is not everyone.
But she was also surprised to see many supportive tweets from new fans she amassed during the show’s run. “The show taught me that everything comes down to taste,” she says. “There’s always someone who will like your stuff.”
If you can dream it, you can design your own clothing line
Now that you know how to start a clothing business, you’re ready to act on step one! As you prepare to launch your own clothing brand, and enter the competitive fashion industry, remember to focus both on what makes your ideas unique and what your target customers want. Success as a fashion brand relies on a solid business model, a design perspective, and a keen sense of consumer and market trends.
Sarah’s business is thriving because she pursued the dream of it through her lowest lows and let every misstep guide her next pivot. Sometimes those pivots were risks, but, she says, that’s the only way to grow.
How to start a clothing brand FAQ
What is the first thing I need to do to start my own clothing line?
The start of any successful business is having a great idea. As you embark on your journey to start your own clothing line, hone in on your niche idea and audience, and spend time in the brand-building phase. These exercises will help you move to the next steps in the process of building your clothing brand.
Do I need a license to start a clothing brand?
You may need a few different licenses to legitimately start a clothing line. Requirements vary based on your location, but common licenses include a permit to sell and collect tax and an apparel registration certification. You might also consider filing to become an LLC or S corp, getting business insurance, and adding any licenses for brick-and-mortar if you plan to sell your clothing line in person.
How much does it cost to start a clothing line?
Starting a fashion brand may require some upfront investment depending on the type of clothing business you start. Specific costs vary, but expenses to start a clothing line include fabric and other materials, labor, shipping, heating, rent, equipment, and various other production costs.
You also need to factor ongoing costs for things like payment processing, your online store, and online marketing and advertising. Expect to spend a few thousand dollars upfront if you are creating a clothing line from scratch and making or manufacturing your own clothing designs. A print-on-demand clothing brand, however, will have much lower startup costs.
How do I name my clothing brand?
Coming up with a brand name for your clothing line can be challenging but there are a few things to keep in mind. Try to make it something that is representative of your brand identity and will resonate with your target market. Sarah Donofrio used her own name when she launched her clothing brand. If your brand story is close to your personal story, this may be a good option for your clothing line. Shopify has a free business name generator you can use to get the ideas flowing.
Can I put my own label on wholesale clothing?
You can put your own label on wholesale clothing as long as it doesn’t conflict with the wholesaler’s policies. This practice is called private labeling or white labeling. Essentially, you purchase wholesale clothing from a supplier, add your branded tags, and then resell directly to your customers through your clothing business’s online store under your own brand name.